Paperwork is, and always has been a necessary and essential aspect of ship operation. Indeed, the Barcelona Maritime Code of 1258 required ships carry clerks specifically for this purpose releasing the master to concentrate on his primary duty, safely navigating the vessel.
*Editor's Note: Mr. Hayman is the publisher of Seatrade Week, which is published weekly by Seatrade North America Inc. The 500 registered delegates at Seatrade's Cruise Shipping Conference and Exhibition, held in Miami in February of this year,
The cliche "the more things change, the more they stay the same," certainly applies to the past, current and future role of the Norwegian maritime cluster in the grand scheme of the international ship and boat building communities. Few countries,